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How to Make Money from Your Home Office

Generating income from a home based business is an excellent way to supplement money earned from a regular job. These days, having an additional source of income is almost imperative. Most people find it is almost impossible to have a job that pays all your regular monthly bills. Statistics have proven that middle class income has not grown for decades, while the cost of living has risen. Also, you need to be prepared if you lose your job, for whatever the reason. Many people fear being dependent on one source of income, and unless your income is completely secure, you never know if you will have to face the world without a job to rely on.

The average job lasts less than five years. If you lose your job, you’ll find that it takes a long time to get a new one. Not only is it not easy to find a new job, but it is probable that the new job will pay only a small percentage of what the old one paid.

Fewer jobs are available in the workplace, so many people have decided to find a way to start a home based business from their home office. After all, the start-up cost is low, and almost everyone has a home office where they work and pay bills. Also, making money from home has never been easier. That’s because almost everyone has the basic tools right at their disposal. So, it’s only a question of putting those tools to good use and money will start rolling in – at least in theory.

If you want to start your own home based business, the next step is to decide what kind of business it will be. Usually the choice varies between a service business or a product business. Service business is a good choice for those who have special skills such as consulting or tech-support. Product businesses need to sell physical products or information products. The common issue is to market the product or service, and marketing is a key element that will determine how well the business will do. The internet provides a great way to market a business, because of its relatively low cost and huge exposure. Regardless of the choice of business, affiliate marketing can make it more profitable due to the power of networking.

Many people assume that it would be easier for them to start a service business, because they can offer their unique skills to companies looking to outsource work. However, this does not leverage the internet beyond the search for work. The individual will be working at one job at a time, so they cannot use the power of the internet to leverage their time. Consequently, home based service businesses have limited income.

A common misconception about starting a home based business that sells physical products is that, in addition to marketing, the business needs to buy, handle, store, and ship those products. However, because of technology, these requirements are no longer necessary. As a result, than starting a service business. That’s because the product business does not suffer the same limitations as a service business. Without the limitatioms of buying, handling, storing, and shipping physical products, a business can sell a great variety of products just by marketing them online.

In particular, affiliate marketing is a key strategy of many successful home based businesses. Affiliate marketing techniques allow the average home business to sell a great variety of products.

Without the need to handle products, home based businesses only need to learn how to market their products to generate income. The more a home business owner knows about marketing on the web, the more successful the business will be. Learning marketing becomes the most important factor in determining the success of the business.

Home based business success depends on marketing skill, and one of the best ways to learn virtually everyting about internet marketing is at the Home Office Team. Home business owners can find everything they need to know about internet marketing and internet marketing strategies. The Home Office Team is a place where home based businesses owners can learn and profit.

Click here to learn the secrets to network marketing

Kresge Library Collection Transfer – July 10, 2014
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The Kresge Library Print Collection Transfer to the University Library started Monday July 7, 2014. The last of the books going to the University Library were pulled today, July 10, 2014. The University Library has been working with Kresge on identifying items that are not duplicated within their print collection. In total, nearly 55,000 items will be moving to the University Library from the Kresge Collections that had been on the 4th Floor of Kresge. This represents around 75-80% of our holdings, which shows the unique value this material had on the Michigan Campus. Movers from Corrigan will be working all week moving the print collections and some library furniture that will go to the University Library. The print collections that are taken by the University Library will be moved into storage while a permanent home is found at the University Library. It will likely be late this year when the print items are available for research use. The collection will not be returning to Ross.

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121 Ideas To Start A Home Business (Part 1)

You need to find the right place for your office, and in order to work in peace, it could be good idea thinking in starting an internet business working at your garage, attic or your basement. Anywhere but the family living room or dinning room

The right place should match your personal work style and budget. If you decide to work at home, you’ll need space for a desk, a chair, a computer, phone and other frequently-used equipment.

You ought to have a comfortable space, with chairs or a couch where you can hold meeting or just collect your thoughts. And storage space for filing cabinets, books and reference materials

You might need a large work space for activities such as hand mailings (does anyone still do this?) shipping and assembling materials.

Be Unique!

Your home business will be much easier if you work in something that you love! So the first thing you must do is to define the niche where you are the specialist. This is the niche is where starting an internet business you can stand out from competition, and for which you can charge a decent free.

There are four primary ways to define your niche:

* WHERE you work — e.g., east side of town; in firm that specializes in business advertising, in a restaurant who has attained renown for having the best cakes in town, etc.
* WHEN you are called upon — e.g., you repair computers on weekend and after-hours calls; you provide support to people involved in scandals or tragedies; last-minute dinner parties, etc…
* WHO are your customers — e.g., a computer consultants, public relations firms, home business women, ezine publishers, etc?
* WHAT kind of product or service you provide — e.g., e-book publishing tools, advice for new entrepreneurs, home made syrup, etc…

And my best advice is: Think about starting an internet business with what you already know, and start your Internet business in an organized manner.

* In your work space you must keep those things you most frequently use near your desk.
* A placing scale: On a scale of one to four, rate the items you use every day a one; those you use once a year, a four.
* Place all the items with a 1 within an arm’s reach of your desk area.
* Items with a 2: in files, cabinets, countertops or shelves within your immediate range.
* Items with 3: in nearby cabinets or closets, or on shelves outside your office space.
* Items with 4: in remote locations outside your office space (maybe other room, the attic, the garage)
* Open a business bank account. Keep separate your personal and your business accounts.
* Get a separate phone line for business calls. (This will give you a more professional image).
* As you are your own boss, you must establish a time schedule for yourself. Don’s spend time with extra sleep or reading newspaper
* Put yourself a deadline complete a given project by a certain time.
* Give yourself a reward if you accomplish a specific task.
* Don’t let household activities become a regular part of your workday. You can be fiscally at home, but must be mentally at work
* Tell your family and friends that in your working hours they should avoid disturbing you. You are not on vacations, you are WORKING at home
* If disruptions become a main obstacle in your workday, you should consider relocating your office in a different area of the house, or changing your working hours

Make Sure That You Are Starting a Legal Business

* Make sure you can operate a business from your home, get sure there aren’t any zoning restrictions and, if there are problems in doing so, get a separate mailing address or apply for a use permit or variance to your zoning laws.
* If you have employees or are incorporated or in a partnership, get an employers ID number
* If your job is covered by federal laws, obtain a federal license
* If you have any required state or local business licenses, get them.
* Protect your products or services with trademarks, copyrights or patents needed
* If you work with other people, and are not a sole proprietor, incorporate or form a limited-liability company
* Find out if you are required to collect sales tax for your product or service. If so, register with the state agency responsible for collecting sales taxes.
* If you are using a name other than your own or a variation thereof, register your business name

Note: it could be wise to consult a lawyer or the appropriate government agencies in your city and state to be sure about which of this points apply to your business or locale.

Do All That You Can To Be Reachable

Follow as many as the following advises as you need: Work in regular business hours. People can feel very annoyed if they don’t know when they can find you.
* If you need to intensively use your telephone…
* Hire a second line to receive customer’s calls
* Or have a fax
* Or have an e-mail address
* Or all of the above
* Use voice mail to take messages when you’re out of the office or unable to answer the telephone. You can purchase an answering machine or add a voice mail system to your computer.
* Use calls forwarding to receive calls when you’re out of the office.
* Use a cellular phone, a 700 number or a pager.
* To handle incoming calls while you’re on the telephone, get call waiting or voice mail that picks them up so people never get a busy signal.
* Get distinctive ringing that gives you two phone numbers on one line
* Choose a good direct name that fits your business image. A confusing name for your business can result in clients overlooking you, or can target people that aren’t really interested in what you offer them.
* Find a good Web hosting service and buy your own Internet domain.

Author of THE SECRET of The Magic Lamp and it’s 42 Self Help CD with Subliminal Messages, that can be found at http://www.drbonomi.com and also author of The Easy Home Business Web Site at http://www.easy-home-business.com

Paris, May 2014 – 015
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Image by Ed Yourdon
(more details later, as time permits)

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In the spring of 2014, we came to Paris for a week of relaxed vacationing, mostly to wander around and see some old familiar places. It was a “return” trip for both of us, though in my case I think it’s probably been more than 15 years since I was even here on a business trip.

Business trips to any city don’t really count as a “visit” — since they basically involve flying into a busy airport at night, taking a taxi to a generic business-traveler’s hotel (a Hilton in Paris looks just like a Hilton in Cairo), and then spending several days working in the hotel (if the purpose of the trip was a seminar or computer conference), or at a client’s office (also “generic” in most cases — you can’t even tell what floor you’re on when you get off the elevator, because every floor of “open office” layouts is the same). The trip usually ends in the late afternoon or evening of the final day, with a mad dash back to the airport to catch the last plane home to NYC. Thus, a business trip to Paris is almost indistinguishable from a business trip to Omaha. Or Albany. Or Tokyo.

But I did make a few “personal” visits to Paris in the 1970s and 1980s, so I looked forward to having the chance to walk through some familiar places along the Left Bank. I’m not so interested in museums, monuments, cathedrals, or other “official” tourist spots (but yes, I have been to the Eiffel Tower, just as I’ve been to the Empire State Building in NYC), so you won’t see any photos of those places in this Flickr set.

As a photographer, I now concentrate mostly on people and street scenes. The details of the location don’t matter much to me, though I do try to geotag my photos whenever I can. But for the most part, what you’ll see here are scenes of people and local things in Paris that made me smile as I walked around …

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Home Business Resource – What You Will Need To Start A Successful Business

Starting a home business is a very important decision, and there are some typical home business resources you will need to have in order for you to succeed. Home business resources are assets, services and systems you will need to make your home business run smoothly; and also other steps you will need to take to make sure that you will succeed with your business.

So, to start a successful home business, what resources and steps do you need to take?

· A clearly laid out business plan. Without a business plan and goals to achieve, then you can not get anywhere. A business plan will map out what you need to succeed and how you will achieve your goals.

· Good research. Whatever your business will need, you will need to be well informed about it. So you will need to do me research so that you become an expert on the niche, product or service. Knowledge about the business is an important home business resource, so you must do the necessary research to be well-informed about the industry or product/service.

· A well set-up office. Your office is another important home business resource. You will need to be productive while working from home. You will therefore need an office that has all you will need to run a smooth business; a computer, printer, internet access, fax, telephone, business cards and a conducive work environment. A suitable desk and appropriate lighting in your office is also an important resource that is often underestimated in its importance. You will sometimes work for many hours in a day, and your work space needs to be comfortable. Allocate some money towards setting up a working environment you will enjoy working from everyday!

· Some money to cover capital outlay and running costs is an important home business resource which you will need. Any business requires some form of investment, and you will need to know how much you have, and how much investments and ongoing marketing your business will need for it to succeed. It is therefore recommended that you start your business while you are still employed, so that you have some income to live on while you are still building your business.

· Support system. This can be a mentor; someone who has succeeded with a similar business, or simply your family and friends. You need to have people close to you who will encourage you and give you any support you need. You can also join a forum of people with the same business like yours. A good support network is a very important home business resource.

· Business leads and clients are a crucial home business resource. Making and creating contacts and networking is very important – you need to start building your potential clients base before you launch your business. Start marketing your business by giving away some products and services. By creating a relationship with your potential customers, you build trust with them, and when you launch your business, it will be easy for them to buy from you.

· Be professional! The way you run your business and relate to your customers is very important. Be prepared to ‘go the extra mile’ with your customers. Care about your customers, and provide all the information they may need.

· Hire any professional help you may need. Treat your business professionally, and if you need the services of a lawyer or accountant, hire/outsource it. It is more productive and effective to get experts to do what you can not do, leaving you time to focus on your business. You will want to do the best for your business; so if there are any home business resources you do not have, outsource them.

If you have the home business resources outlined above, then your business will succeed. Although your home business may only be a small venture, treat it like a real business, and get all the home business resources any business will need in order to be successful.

Jeff Casmer is an internet marketing consultant with career sales over ,000,000. His “Top Ranked” Earn Money at Home Directory gives you all the information you need to start and prosper with your own Internet Home Based Business.

1970′s inventions that changed our way of life
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Image by brizzle born and bred
Technology, Fashion and Toys played an increasingly important part in people’s lives in the 70s.

Ceefax: 1974

Launched in 1974, Ceefax went live with 30 pages and was the first teletext service in the world. Started as an experiment for the deaf, Ceefax developed into an instant news, sports and information service for millions of armchair surfers.

Colour Television Sets

Introduced on BBC 2 for Wimbledon coverage on July 1, 1967. The launch of the BBC 2 "full" color service took place on December 2, 1967. Some British TV programs, however, had been produced in color even before the introduction of color television in 1967, for the purpose of sales to American, Canadian, and Filipino networks. BBC 1 and ITV started color transmissions November 15, 1969.

The first colour sets became available in Britain in 1967, when BBC2 started broadcasting in colour. (Note BBC1 and ITV didn’t go colour until 1969.)

A typical 22" colour set would have cost £300 in 1967, or around £3000 in today’s money – equivalent to a top of the line 50+ inch LCD or LED HDTV set.

Britain’s oldest colour telly ‘still going strong’ 42 years on, says 69-year-old owner

www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1328760/Britains-oldest-…

Home Music Centre

The ultimate piece of kit that most people wanted in the mid 70s was a "Music Centre". This was a record player, cassette tape recorder and radio combined. Dynatron made one of the first, the HFC38 Stereo/Audio Cassette System, launched in 1972. This was a high priced luxury item at the time.

Dial Telephone

The 746 telephone was the British GPO’s main telephone for the 1970s. It was the phone most people had in the 70s and it is phone you will remember from that decade.

In the 70s, the home telephone was still a luxury in the UK. The General Post Office (GPO) had a monopoly on telephone services and anyone who wanted a phone needed to rent one from the GPO.

Although still a state run monopoly, the telephone service was more modern in the 70s. The old fashioned lettered exchanges disappeared in the late 60s and the new phones were equipped for the strangely termed ‘all figure numbering’. Customers had a choice of three phones: the 746, the smaller 776 Compact Telephone and the modern looking Trimphone.

The 746 telephone was an upgraded version of the 706 phone or ‘Modern Telephone’ that the GPO introduced to customers in the early 60s.

It introduced a few practical improvements. Firstly there was a clear plastic dial showing only numbers. The case had an integral carry handle and the phone came in a more modern plastic. It was also lighter and had improved circuitry.

Electronic Calculator

The first pocket calculators came onto the market towards the end of 1970. In the early 70s they were an expensive status symbol. By the middle of the decade, people used them to add up the weekly shopping at the supermarket. As pocket calculators moved from executive’s briefcases to school children’s satchels, there was controversy over whether children could still do sums.

Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments developed the integrated circuit technology that made the pocket calculator possible in the sixties. TI’s first prototype hand held calculator, the Cal Tech, demonstrated the potential of the new device. However, as with the transistor radio, Japanese firms quickly exploited the technology. The first portable, as opposed to pocket sized, calculator was the Sharp QT-8B. A year later pocket sized models were available from Bowmar (USA), Sharp, Busicom (Japan) and Sanyo.

Very quickly a host of manufacturers entered into the growing pocket calculator market. Texas Instruments launched their own model, the TI-2500 Datamath, in 1972.

Electronic games

Electronic games, such as MB Simon and Adman Grandstand, went on sale in the UK in the second half of the 70s. This was the time when people got their first taste of the digital lifestyle we enjoy today. A few years earlier, the first calculators and LED digital watches were marketed. Now manufacturers too adopted the same circuitry for play, and the age of electronic games began.

This revolution was reflected in the small screen when ITV’s George and Mildred’s neighbours bought a Grandstand game for Christmas. There were also concerns that TV audiences would drop, with more people using their TVs to play video games instead. Granada TV’s report "Who’ll be watching Coronation Street in 1984?" expressed concerns their advertising revenue might be at risk.

The grand daddy of all the computer games was the Magnavox Odyssey, which was launched in 1972. It introduced the public to a familiar, but primitive, electronic bat and ball game. Magnavox Odyssey was quite sophisticated; it offered range of different games, some of which required props. However, it was more of US than an UK phenomenon.

Electronic chess games also appeared in the mid seventies, but the game that first captured the public’s imagination in the UK was the Adman Grandstand.

Freezers

In the 70s, freezer ownership increased dramatically. Freezers and frozen food were available in the 60s, but sales of freezers took off in the 70s. In 1970 around 100,000 were sold, which was three times as many as in 1967. By 1974, one in ten households had a freezer.

Food processors

A food processor added a choice of blades and attachments to a standard blender. The Magimix from the 70s was the first UK example.

Microwave ovens

The microwave oven was invented by Percy Spencer in the late 40s. Initially, microwave ovens were only used by catering establishments. Oxford University physicist, Professor Nicholas Kurti gave a dramatic demonstration of microwave cooking with his reverse baked Alaska, or frozen Florida, which had ice cream on the outside and hot filling on the inside. He first demonstrated this dessert in 1969, showing how microwaves easily passed through ice, causing little heat, but the filling made from brandy and marmalade absorbed them and heated up more quickly.

Microwave ovens were not available in Britain until the end of the 70s, even then they did not catch on that quickly. The first ‘Which’ report on microwave ovens was written in 1979. There were concerns about what would happen if the microwaves escaped and confusion over whether the ovens were radioactive. For most people though, they were simply too expensive.

By 1979, there were a variety of microwaves on the market, priced between 150 and 400. [500 to 1400 in today’s money]. Models with a separate convection heating element were even more expensive. Both traditional oven makers, Creda and Belling and electronics giants Philips, Hitachi, Sanyo, Sharp and Toshiba, made microwave ovens in the 70s.

For most people in the UK the microwave revolution did not begin until well into the 80s. Jimmy Tarbuck’s advertisements for Sharp microwaves helped promote microwave cooking in the UK in the early 80s.

Teasmaid

As part of our renewed appreciation of all things 70s, the teasmade is back in fashion. After years in the naff cupboard, John and Norma Major owned one, it is now hip to own a teasmade.

The teasmade was a luxury item in the 70s household. Although primitive devices for automatically making tea were available since Victorian times and leading manufacturer Goblin made teasmades since the thirties, they were never considered essentials.

Most teasmades (sometimes incorrectly spelled ‘teasmaid’) comprised a teapot, kettle and clock. To prepare the teasmade ready for use tea, or teabags, fashionable in the 70s, were added to the pot and water into the kettle and then the alarm was set for the time you wanted to wake up to enjoy your freshly made pot of tea. About ten minutes before the alarm went off, the kettle boiled the water, which bubbled through a spout into the teapot. If you forgot to put the spout into the teapot some 70s models poured boiling water on to whatever the teasmade was stood on. Once the tea was brewed, the alarm sounded to wake you up, if the mechanism had not already woken you.

In 1971 there were only three manufacturers of teamade: Goblin, Ecko and Russell Hobbs. The Goblin model shown here cost £27.18 (£265 in today’s money). It is no wonder that the teasmade was a luxury.

Tea bags

Tea bags were new in the 70s. Well not exactly new, they had been used in the USA since the 20s. Tetley had tried introducing them to the UK twice, once in the 30s and again in the 50s, but they were seen as a bit of a joke. In the 70s though, sales of tea bags took off. It’s hard to explain why, they were more expensive and rarely used in the way originally intended – to remove the tea from the pot once it was brewed. It may have been something to do with convenience. We could throw our tea strainers away. Now tea bags are almost universal – so they must have been a good idea after all!

Continental quilts

Until the 70s, most people in the UK made up beds with sheets and blankets. In the early 70s the bedroom revolution was the continental quilt or duvet. Names such as "Slumberland Fjord" and "Banlite Continental" left no doubt as to the origin. Mostly they were filled with down or duck feathers. Synthetic fillings were more common in Europe, but became available in the UK. People quickly took to them as they were more convenient.

Flares and platform soles

Two trends defined the 70s in a fashion sense: flared trousers and platform soles. Flares were derived from the hippy fashion for loon pants of the late 60s. They were worn by men and women. The flare was from the knee and reached exaggerated proportions in the middle years of the 70s. The trousers were often hipsters, sitting on the hips rather than the waist, and tight fitting.

The combination of flares and denim made flared jeans the fashion phenomenon of the decade.

Platform soles were mainly worn by women and more fashionable men. There were health warnings about damage that could be caused to the back in later life, but the fashion did not last long enough for that to have an effect. There was an element of thirties retro in the style of some of the shoes, which echoed the thirties’ love of two-tone or co-respondent black and cream or brown and cream colours. Bright colours also gave the shoes more of a space age look.

Raleigh Chopper

The Raleigh Chopper brought the style of Easy Rider to the backstreets of Britain in the 70s. It took the UK youth bike market by storm and probably saved Raleigh from financial disaster. The Chopper was a distinctly different bike for young people and was a first choice Christmas present. However, the Chopper attracted criticism for some aspects of its safety. The Chopper became distinctly unfashionable in the 80s, when BMX became the latest craze.

Klackers

Klackers comprised two acrylic balls, often brightly coloured, on a string with a small handle in the middle. It was a playground craze that swept Britain and America in the early 70s. The idea was to move the handle up and down to make the balls click together. The really skilled could make the Klackers meet at the top and bottom of a circle; it required practice. They made a noise when they clacked together, hence the name.

Klackers were also marketed as Ker-knockers, Clackers and Klickies.

Whilst children loved the Klackers, or Ker-knock-ers, parents and teachers were concerned about the safety aspects. They could cause bruised hands and arms and the balls could shatter into dangerously sharp shards of plastic. Some schools banned them from the playground. Like most crazes, Klackers disappeared as quickly as they appeared.

Invicta Mastermind game

The Invicta Mastermind game was a huge seller in the 70s. In spite of the name, it had no connection with the Mastermind television programme originally hosted by Magnus Magnussen, although many people bought the game thinking it did.

The game was invented by Israeli postmaster and telecommunications expert, Mordecai Meirowitz. He initially found it difficult to get a manufacturer to take on his idea, but eventually managed to persuade small UK games maker, Invicta to make it.

The game went on sale in the early 70s and was a huge success. The box depicting a bearded man and woman in Asian dress carried an air of mysteriousness about it, suggesting supreme intelligence was needed to play the game.

Indeed Mastermind was taken seriously by the academic world. In 1977, Donald Knuth, the American computer scientist responsible for some learned texts in the world of computing, published a formula that guaranteed a correct guess in five goes.

Mastermind was also recognised by the toy industry. In 1973 Invtica was awarded ‘Game of the Year’ for Mastermind. Look out for pre-1973 versions that do not have the ‘Game of the Year’ award on the box.

Fondue set

Fondue originated in Switzerland and the classic fondue is always made with Swiss cheeses: Emmenthal and Gruyère. The word ‘fondue’ is derived from the French word, ‘fondre’, which means to blend.

By 1960, Marguerite Patten claimed the fondue was becoming popular. Her ‘Cookery in Colour’ featured fondue recipes with a decidedly English twist: ‘Cheddar Fondue’ and ‘Tomato Fondue’, as well as the classic ‘Gruyère’.

It was in the seventies that fondue parties really took off in the UK. Originally a reminder of a Swiss dish tried on a skiing holiday, fondue parties soon became the up-to-the minute thing to do; but by the 80s, it was decidedly naff.

Fondue sets are available again as everything 70s is fun once more. For real authenticity, source the genuine article from the 70s on eBay. Look for bright orange fondue pots and forks with teak handles.

Soda syphon

The retro style soda syphon (or soda siphon), once a symbol of kitsch and bad taste, is now the height of retro cool. The Sparklets Soda Syphon was a hit at 70s parties. However, its roots go back to the era of the Boer War.

The Sparklets Soda Syphon was originally used as a way of bringing sparkling or aerated water to hot climates at the far reaches of the British Empire. Invented in the 1890s, Sparklets bulbs were used during the Boer War.

Before the introduction of Sparklets bulbs, carbonated, or aerated water, as the Victorians preferred to call it, was a luxury product. It was expensive to make, and there was no way to do it yourself. The invention of the Sparklets bulb popularised it as soda water. The original device was called a ‘Prana’ Sparklet Syphon, and the Company stressed that it was as easy for a housemaid in Bayswater as for an orderly in South Africa to use the device.

Sparklets Streamline, with hammered finish 1940s
In 1920 Sparklets Ltd was acquired by BOC, the British Oxygen Company. By the 1960s Sparklets specialised in diecast products for the domestic industry. Naturally the Sparklets Soda Syphons were a big part of the business, but Sparklets also made diecast parts for washing machines, hairdryers and vacuum cleaners, as well as for cars.

The Sparklets bulb method may not have changed much since the days of the Boer War, but the style of the syphon moved with the times. Three basic types were around in the 60s and 70s.

Cigarettes

Player’s No6 and Embassy. However, they were joined by mild versions: Embassy Extra Mild and Player’s No6 Extra Mild. The rise of the mild cigarette was a 70s’ phenomenon. Benson and Hedges Silk Cut, pictured bottom middle, started this trend.

Which? Magazine named Silk Cut as the mildest UK cigarette in 1972. Although, the Which report was intended to convince people to stop smoking, it gave an enormous boost to Silk Cut sales. (In fact there is no evidence to suggest mild cigarettes are any better for you.).

The other big trend ran in the opposite direction. King size cigarettes were increasingly popular. John Player Special, with its distinctive black packaging, was a rival for Benson and Hedges.

King size cigarettes also went down market and were available in the cheaper brands. Both Player’s No6 and Embassy had king size versions. You could buy cigarettes in a bewildering number of different sizes: international, king size, regular, intermediate, mini and sub-mini. Collectors of cigarette packets from the 70s should look out for different sizes in all the popular brands, for example, Silk Cut, Silk Cut King Size, Silk Cut No1, Silk Cut No5, Silk Cut No3, as well as Silk Cut Extra Mild.

At the same time competition from US cigarette manufacturers started in earnest in the 70s. The famous Marlboro brand with is cowboy print advertising campaign started to take sales away from the home grown brands.

Smoking in the 1970s

Cigarettes were a big part of life in the 70s. People smoked them in large numbers. They also started to kick the habit in large numbers too. To give up or not, and to inhale or not, were big topics of conversation.

In 1969, Embassy Filter (right) was the most popular brand. It had been introduced in 1962 and took a staggering 24% of the cigarette market in 1968. By 1971 though, it was knocked off the top spot by Players No 6. In 1972 these brands (below) made up 94% of all cigarettes sold (in order of tar content, lowest first):

Silk Cut (filter)
Consulate Menthol (filter)
Cadets (filter)
Piccadilly De Luxe (filter)
Cambridge (filter)
Embassy Gold (filter)
Embassy Regal (filter)
Sovereign (filter)
Sterling (filter)
Player’s No 6 Virginia (filter)
Park Drive (filter)
Kensitas (filter)
Embassy (filter)
Gold Leaf Virginia (filter)
Player No 6 (plain)
Player’s Weights (plain)
Albany (filter)
Woodbine (plain)
Player’s No 10 Virginia (filter)
Guards Tipped (filter)
Benson & Hedges King Size (filter)
Senior Service (plain)
Player’s Navy Cut (plain)
Park Drive (plain)
Rothman’s King Size (filter)

The majority of the most popular brands are filter tipped. At the time people wanted to believe that the filter would protect them. Medical research showed otherwise, even as early as the 60s. Also worth noting is that Rothman’s advertised their cigarettes as for "…when you know what doing are doing" – a bit ironic considering the tar content!

In 1970, 55% of men and 44% of women smoked cigarettes. The percentage smoking cigarettes had fallen from the peak of 65% in 1948 and the risks of smoking on health were beginning to slowly sink in. In spite of research by the late Professor Sir Richard Doll published in 1951, which linked smoking with lung cancer, cigarette smoking was so much a part of life that the habit died hard. Even as late as 1973 the Guinness Book of Records described nicotine as an "anodyne to civilisation".

In 1971, cigarette manufacturers agreed to put a mild health warning on the packets (left) – "WARNING by HM Government SMOKING CAN DAMAGE YOUR HEALTH". I say "mild" because Professor Sir Richard Doll’s research showed that of 1,357 men with lung cancer, 99.5% were smokers. Or as "Which" chillingly put it – you had as much chance of dying before you were 44 if you smoked, as a serviceman had of being killed in the Second World War. Most people were still playing Russian Roulette and hoping that the chamber was empty.

"Which" never published a report comparing one cigarette brand with another. They acted in the best interest of consumers and recommended only that people should give up. There were conflicting stories circulating concerning the safety of other forms of smoking, such as pipe or cigar smoking: "Was it safer than cigarettes?", "Was it safe if you didn’t inhale?" and "Was it worth waiting for a safe cigarette?". "Which" did not sit on the fence and told members as directly as possible that the only safe course of action was to give up.

The 70s was the decade when people did finally accept the risks of smoking and the proportion of the population who smoked fell quite significantly. Those leading the way were the professional middle classes. The anti-smoking group, ASH, was founded in 1970 and took a lead in alerting the public to the dangers of smoking. The proportion of men and women smoking cigarettes dropped gradually during the 70s. By 1980, 42% of men and 37% of women smoked. (Today’s figures are 27% and 25% respectively).

LED watch

LED digital watch

Retro style LED watches are now selling on the internet, reviving the original digital watches from the early 70s. The first LED watch was marketed in the US by watchmaker, Hamilton, under the brand name ‘Pulsar’ in the Fall of 1971. It was originally a high priced gadget; by the end of the decade LED watches were almost throw away items and the more familiar LCD display was gaining ground.

Toys

The Space Hopper, the Raleigh Chopper and Mattel’s model cars with Hot Wheels made their debut in the 60s, but in the 70s achieved their highest popularity.

The Chopper was revised with safety improvements to become the Mark 2 in 1972. Mattel did not have their own way for long with Hot Wheels. British rival Matchbox had already introduced Superfast Wheels in 1969 and converted their whole range to them in the early 70s.

Sindy continued to be a popular toy for girls and won Toy of the Year in 1970. That accolade also went to another doll in 1971, Katie KopyKat; Katie copied everything you wrote.

Another 70s’ craze that had its origins in the 60s was Klackers, or Clackers: two acrylic balls that were made to click together. Experts could make them clack at the bottom and top in a circular movement, but safety concerns saw their early demise.

The Mastermind TV programme hosted by Magnús Magnússon had huge audiences in the 70s. However, the Mastermind Board Game made by Invicta in 1973 had no connection with the Mastermind TV show. It was all about breaking a secret code.

Lego was as popular as ever. It scooped Toy of the Year in 1974 and 1975. Other toys with their origins in the 50s and earlier were discovered by new generations of children.

The football game Subbuteo gained plastic figures in 1967 and in the 70s was available in up to fifty different team strips. There were spin-off cricket and snooker games too.

Scalextric was improved with new cars in the 70s and was as popular as ever. More traditional toys such as Hornby trains and Meccano continued to find a market.

The big change in play in the 70s though was the advent of electronic games. The 70s gave us digital watches and pocket calculators and by the middle of the decade electronic toys and games as well. One of the first to capture the imagination of the UK public was Adman Grandstand, which could play a variety of sports, including a version of the Pong arcade game. The brightly coloured MB Simon game was also a big seller in 1978.

Star Wars was in the cinema in 1977 and a host of Star Wars inspired merchandise followed. Never before had the movie makers cashed in so much on the toy market, it was a portent for the new decade.

Furniture

Furniture from the seventies was bigger and chunkier than furniture from the 60s. Teak was still the favourite wood throughout the decade, although pine was getting an increasingly strong middle class following. Autumn colours were in vogue: browns, beiges and oatmeal. Striped upholstery fabric was popular.

The seventies had its share of fads. Chrome plated tubular steel furniture had a brief period of being the latest thing. Towards the end of the decade, cane and rattan furniture started to gain a small following. Both this and pine were much bigger in the following two decades.

The seventies was still a decade when modern was the favourite look. There was little attempt to recreate the past, although in a decade of contradictions, reproduction furniture had a growing niche following.

Green Shield Stamps

Green Shield Stamps were almost everywhere in the Britain of the 60s and 70s. If you bought your groceries at certain shops the retailer gave you stamps to stick in a book. Once you had collected enough you exchanged the books for gifts. Most people can remember Green Shield Stamps, but there were other schemes. Does anyone remember Blue Star, Gift Coupon, Happy Clubs, Thrift Stamp, Uneedus Bonus, Universal Sales Promotions or Yellow Stamps?

Drink

In the later 70s, lager began to take hold. You can still get seventies favourites such as Skol, Carling Black Label (they paid a consultant millions of pounds to recommend that the ‘Black Label’ was dropped some time in the 90s), Carlsberg and Tennant’s Pilsner, though whether it is the same, who could say? Light ale was a popular alternative to lager at the time.

Keg bitter was definitely the drink of the early seventies. "Classics" such as Watneys Red Barrel (or Watney’s Red as they tended to call it then), Double Diamond, Courage Tavern and Worthington ‘E’ are well out of production.

Britain’s best selling cars from the 70s

British automotive fashions changed. As women replaced mini skirts with midis and maxis, and men chucked out the Don Draper look in favour of flares and wide ties, cars changed just as significantly, on the outside at least.

Car makers ditched the chrome grills, the wood and leather interiors of the 60s and embraced American coke bottle styling, plastic fascias and matt black grills.

The UK’s top four manufacturers all introduced new models leading up to and around 1970. The first of the new wave was the Ford Escort, launched in late 1967. It was a small car with neat American influenced body styling. Ford also launched the ground breaking Capri in 1969, which brought sports car styling to the average motorist. In 1970 there was a rash of new models: the Morris Marina; a completely restyled Vauxhall Viva; and the all new Hillman Avenger, remember those L shaped tail lights? In 1971 Ford launched the car that was to represent the 1970s, the Cortina Mk III.

Ford won the sales war and the Cortina was the best selling car of the decade, with the Escort in second place. BL made a series of mistakes, the worst of which was to replace their best selling Austin/Morris 1100/1300 range with the blob shaped Allegro. It eventually needed the State to intervene and save the company from bankruptcy.

The 70s also saw a greater proportion of foreign cars on the road. However, none of them made it into the top ten. The best selling foreign import was the Datsun Sunny, which was only the 19th best selling car of the decade.

These are the top ten best selling UK cars of the 70s.

Ford Cortina Mk3, 1972

Ford’s stylists had their fingers firmly on the pulse of the 70s’ car market. They replaced the neatly minimalist Cortina Mk II, driven by Michael Caine in Get Carter, with the glamorous Mk III in 1970.

If there was a car that summed up the mood of the early 70s perfectly it was the Cortina Mk III. The classic American inspired coke bottle styling was combined with plenty of chrome trim. The new Cortina was bigger and better than the outgoing Mk II.

Ford’s graduated model range offered a huge choice of trim, style and engine size. You could choose from from L (basic), XL (more luxury), GT (sporty), GXL (luxurious) to the ultimate Cortina, the 2000E. Even the L looked stylish, but the upmarket GXL offered acres of simulated wood trim, glorious velour seats and a chrome trimmed black vinyl roof.

Ford Cortina Mk V, 1979

In 1976 Ford replaced the Cortina Mk III with the Mk IV. The glam rock era had faded by 1976 and Ford stylists gave the market something more sober, although the parent company’s policy of sharing as much as possible between the UK Cortina and the German Ford Taunus may have also influenced the more prosaic styling.

The final facelift for the Cortina came in 1979. Ford sharpened up the style of the Mk IV with the similar looking Mk V, which nevertheless changed almost every body panel. The Cortina disappeared entirely in 1982 to make way for the Sierra, dubbed the ‘jelly mould’ car at the time.

Ford Escord Mk2, 1979

Ford also sold over one million Escorts in the 1970s. The Escort was introduced late in 1967 as a replacement for the popular Ford Anglia. Remember that backward sloping rear roofline?

The Escort continued the Anglia theme of a stylish body combined with basic, but reliable, mechanicals. However, Ford went one stage further with the Escort, as with the Cortina, they offered a range of basic saloons and some sporty and luxury models as well.

Style was all important to Ford’s selling strategy and in 1975 they gave the Escort a new squared off body and models near the top of the range had square headlamps too. By 1979 you could choose from 1100, 1300, 1600, 1800 and 2000cc models. In 1980 the Escort was upgraded to a the Mk III for the new decade.

Mini Clubman

Although Alex Issigonis’ masterpiece the Mini was eleven years old by 1970, it was still one of Britain’s best selling cars. BL chose to drop the Austin and Morris labels and the car was now just called the ‘Mini’.

In the1970s there was a basic range comprising a Mini 850 and a Mini 1000, with 850cc and 1000cc engines. BL offered a more upmarket version, the Clubman, with a squared off nose. There was an estate version with fake wood panels on the outside and a sports 1275 GT version.

Laurence Moss, the estate agent husband of man-eating Beverly in "Abigail’s Party" drove a Mini, getting a new one every year. He claimed the design did alter, in reality BL made very few changes to the design throughout the 70s. By the end of the decade part of the charm of the car was that it had not changed.

The Mini continued in production for another two decades before being replaced by the new Mini in 2000.

Morris Marina TC, 1972

BL’s executives originally planned the Marina as a replacement for the aging Morris Minor and a serious competitor for the Escort. Learning the lessons of the past they wanted to give it plenty of style and hired ex-Ford stylist, Roy Haynes.

Haynes wanted the two door version to appeal to the under thirty age group. He wanted the interior styling to be exotic and wild.

Somehow BL ended up producing a much bigger car than intended, even though it shared some of its mechanical heritage with the venerable Morris Minor. In reality the Marina sold considerably less well than expected. It achieved a creditable fourth position in sales in the 70s, but was not capable of rescuing BL from its financial troubles. Read more about the Morris Marina.

Vauxhall Firenza, 1971

Vauxhall was like Ford, a British car maker with an American parent – General Motors. Like Ford they followed the same approach: a basic rugged car with an up to the minute body. The Viva had been around since 1963 and had already had one facelift. In 1970 Vauxhall revised it again.

The new Viva, called the HC, was still a small car and in the Escort class, nevertheless it looked wide, low and stylish. Like Ford, Vauxhall offered a range of engines and options. At the top of the range was the sporty Firenza SL.

The Viva really was a car for the 70s. It starred in 1999 in the 1970s’ revival comedy, ‘The Grimleys’ as Shane Titley’s car. Vauxhall dropped it in 1979.

Austin 1300GT, 1971

The Austin/Morris 1100/1300 range was a top selling car in the 1960s. BL found it hard to find a replacement for it. So hard in fact that they failed to do so until 1973. So because of its continued strong sales in the first years of the 70s, the 1100/1300 finds itself at number six.

For the 70s there were some detail improvements and some great 70s’ colours including purple and bright orange. Just like its cousins from the 60s, the 1100s and 1300s were spacious, reliable and mechanically simple.

If you fancied something a little sportier, there was the Austin 1300GT which was a tuned up version of the basic car with a black vinyl roof. BL replaced this best seller with the Allegro in 1973.

Austin Allegro

Where Ford got 70s’ style right with the Cortina, BL got it wrong with the Allegro.

Launched in 1973, the Allegro was styled by internal stylist, Harris Mann. It certainly looked 70s. However, where the Cortina emphasised size and width, the Allegro was rounded and dumpy. There was a bizarre selection of different style front grilles complemented with rounded rectangular headlamps matched inside the car with a rounded square steering wheel, called a Quartic.

Vanden Plas 1500 (Allegro)

A range of engines sizes from 1100 to 1750cc, a rather stylish small estate and a posh Vanden Plas version with real wood facia, leather seats and picnic tables failed to impress buyers. Surprisingly BL failed to provide a hatchback version even though the Allegro shape suited it, and they had been making the hatchback Maxi since 1969.

The Allegro was not a great hit with the public. Whilst the 1100/1300 range was chalking up annual sales of 100,000+ units every year, the Allegro failed to achieve more than 65,000. This styling misjudgment certainly contributed to BL’s collapse in 1975.

There was an unfortunate side effect to the 70s’ style lettering on the boot: to some ‘Austin Allegro’ looked like ‘Rustin Allegro’. The Austin All-aggro was another name for it.

When Austin-Rover dropped the Allegro range in 1982 to make room for the Maestro there were few sad faces.

Ford Capri 2000GT, 1972

Ford advertised the Capri as the car you have always promised yourself. The Capri offered the motoring public something entirely new. It was almost a sports car, with a comfortable four-seater saloon cabin, gorgeous fastback styling and a price tag that the man in the street could afford.

Launched in 1969, the Capri sold well throughout the 70s. Like the Cortina, Ford offered a huge range of engines and trim levels. Like the Cortina, there were several styling revisions, but the basic look and personality remained the same.

At the top of the Capri range was the 3000E, which offered outstanding performance with a top speed of 122mph and 0-60mph in eight seconds. The brochure cooed about such refinements as reclining seats, an electric clock and push button radio. The prestige motoring experience was completed by a a steering wheel and gear knob covered in simulated leather.

Hillman Avenger 1300DL, 1975

Rootes Group (Hillman, Singer, Sunbeam, Humber) launched the Hillman Avenger in 1970. It was a completely new car. The Avenger was mechanically unexciting, but offered a stylish new body with black grill with coke bottle styling and a sloping rear end.

The black grill was made from plastic. The Avenger also had some very distinctive L shaped rear a lamp clusters.

The Avenger was smaller than Rootes Group’s Hillman Hunter and competed with the Escort and Viva. It sold steadily throughout the 1970s. There was a facelift in 1976 and it later became the Chrysler Avenger as the American parent began to assert itself more strongly.

Austin Maxi, 1972

The Austin Maxi could have been a world beater. It was one of the first hatch back cars, and it was one of the first mass-market cars to have a five-speed gear box. Partly designed by Alec Issigonis, it was spacious and handled well. However, the Maxi never lived up to expectations.

The original design, launched in 1969, was very plain looking and not liked by the public. The gearbox was awful and the 1500cc engine was not powerful enough for the car.

The Maxi had a major facelift in 1971. There was a new grill, a more attractive wood finish fascia and a new 1750cc engine. In this form it enjoyed modest sales throughout most of the 70s. People loved the practicality of the hatchback and with the seats folded down it was big enough to transport a double mattress and perfectly capable of carrying garden waste to the tip or a tent or two on holiday.

1970s major household expenses

1. Transport

The average household weekly spend on transport in 2007 was £62. That includes everything from bus tickets to buying cars and petrol. In 1971, that £62 would have been just £6. That would barely cover a tube ticket today.

2. Recreation and culture

In 2007, we spent an average of £57 per week on things like holidays, cinema trips, sports activities and gambling. At 1971 prices, that would cost around £6 again – probably about the price of a large bucket of popcorn today.

3. Housing, fuel and power

£52 per week in 2007, £5 per week in 1971. Obviously that includes expenses like mortgage payments, rent and energy bills. Oh how times have changed.

4. Food and drink

In 2007, we spent £54 per week (I must admit I find that hard to believe, looking at my own till receipts, but still). Thirty-eight years ago that would have cost a mere fiver. Oh and over two thirds of the money we spend on food goes to the big supermarkets – so much for the nation of shopkeepers.

5. Restaurants and hotels

Weekly cost in 2007? £37. In 1971 that would have cost about £4, but then I doubt we would have used them as much in those days anyway.

6. Clothing and footwear

Despite our collective obsession with labels and fashion, we only spent £22 per week on clothes in 2007. Imagine how svelte we would all look if that still only set us back £2. Then again, we’d probably have to be clad head to toe in denim, so maybe £22 is a price worth paying.

7. Communication

Presumably this means telephones, mobiles, broadband and the like. Well, we spent an average of £12 a week on this kind of thing in 2007, which is equivalent to £1 in 1971 (OK, OK so we didn’t have mobiles and broadband back then, but that’s not really the point)

8. Everything else

This includes things like education and health, insurance and whatever else we spend our money on. Anyway, in 2007, these miscellaneous items cost a whopping £128 per week. In 1971, you’d have got the lot for £13. So in 2007, the total average household spend per week was a little under £460. Ouch. If we were to enter some kind of weird price time-warp that would come down to a total of about £46 per week.

Meanwhile, the latest research shows that the average household income in 2006 was about £650. Given the perilous state of our savings, you have to wonder where the extra £210 per week went (We only spent £460 of it remember).

Whichever way you look at it though, that time warp is looking rather appealing. We’ve already got the strikes and the recession, so to earn £650 a week and spend only £46 of it would make it all worthwhile.

It’s never going to happen of course, but it’s a nice dream.

1970s: Fewer cars but more smokers

*In 1971, UK residents made 6.7 million holiday trips abroad.

*In 1970/71, there were 621,000 students in the UK in higher education.

*In 1974, 26 per cent of men and 13 per cent of women in Great Britain who smoked regularly were classed as heavy smokers.

*In 1970, life expectancy at birth for males in the UK was 68.7 years and for females was 75.0 years.

*In 1970, there were 340,000 first marriages in England and Wales.

*In 1970, nearly half (48 per cent) of all households in Great Britain did not have regular use of a car.

*In 1971, the average household size in Great Britain was 2.9 people per household, with one-person households accounting for 18 per cent of all households.

*In 1971, the proportion of babies born to women aged under 25 in England and Wales was 47 per cent (369,600 live births).

*In 1970, food and non-alcoholic drinks was the largest category of expenditure, accounting for 21 per cent of UK total domestic household expenditure.

Life expectancy is perhaps the most notable single change. In 1970, when Edward Heath had just become Prime Minister and The Beatles were breaking up, for men it was 68.7 years and for women it was 75 years; 40 years on, these figures have shifted substantially. Male life expectancy is now 77.8 years, and for women it is 81.9 years. Doubtless the fall in heavy smoking has played a part in that. In 1974, 24 per cent of men and 13 per cent of women in Britain who smoked regularly were classed as heavy smokers, whereas in 2008 the figures were 7 per cent of men and only one in 20 women.

1971 vs 2011: what you get for your money

Mars bar: 1971: 2p 2011: 60p

First class stamp: 1971: 3p 2011: 44p

Pint of milk: 1971: 6p 2011: 49p

Loaf of bread: 1971: 9½p 2011: £1.10

Pint of bitter: 1971: 11p 2011: £3.05

Bunch of bananas: 1971: 18p 2011: 65p

Packet of cigarettes: 1971: 27p 2011: £7

Gallon of petrol: 1971: 33p 2011: £6

Ticket to Wembley Cup Final: 1971: £2 2011: £115

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Difference Between Working at Home in Your Home Business and Working For a Boss

Working for your Boss in a paid job is one thing but working at home in your own home business is a different kettle of fish altogether. Unfortunately many people who start a home business realize this rather too late and find it difficult to make the necessary adjustments and end up in failure.

Working at home is fun, enjoyable and remunerative, if you know before hand what you are in for. This will enable you to prepare yourself for most eventualities and situations you may come across in your day to day work in your business.

When you work at home, your working environment will be completely different from that of your normal work place you are used to. No office mates, no hustle and bustle. You will probably be working all by yourself in your home office especially if you are an internet marketer.

Adapting yourself to this new environment is very important since you will be working long hours all by yourself. Though you might experience a sense of loneliness, the advantage is that you will be free of office politics and other connected problems and situations.

You are certainly going to miss the advice and guidance of your colleagues and superiors when problems arise in your work at home job. Hence it is important that you are very knowledgeable about your home business or you are sufficiently passionate and determined to acquire knowledge and grow your business as you go along.
One thing you will certainly enjoy when you work at home is that you will not have your Boss breathing over the back of your neck and pressurizing you.

You will enjoy the freedom and liberty of start working any time and winding up any time you like. This does not in any way mean that you are going to work lesser hours. This is not a 9 to 5 job but probably you will be working longer hours when the necessity arises. After all this is your business, you are the boss and your goal is to succeed.

The income from your paid job will be limited whereas in your home business the more hours of work you are prepared to put in the greater will be your success and your income.

When you work for a Boss, discipline and work ethics is forced on you. On the other hand working at home requires a lot of self discipline so that your household chores and other related activities do not interfere with your work at home job thus reducing your efficiency and output. Hence it stands to reason that you have a plan and a proper work schedule to enable you to concentrate and direct all your energies towards your work at home job.

One of the major benefits of working at home is the opportunity you get to spend more time with your family and some consider this as priceless.

Commuting to work and back is time consuming and expensive, whereas when you work at home, you are only a few steps away from your home office.

The time thus saved can be profitably utilized in operating your business.

Working in your home office all by yourself can at times be depressing and create a sense of loneliness. This can be overcome by joining recreational clubs and socializing on a planned basis.

Irrespective of whether you are working at home or working for a boss these major differences are there and play their part in the lives of individuals.

Copyright © Kanaga Siva. Kanaga Siva is an experienced Author and Marketer. For Tips, Advice and to learn more about working at home successfully, visit his Business from Home Website and Home Based Business Ideas Blog

Tokyo By Night
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Image by 4 Colour Progress
Tokyo is one of the busiest cities in the world, I remember eating dinner on the top floor of our hotel and looking out to the office building opposite.

It was filled with Japanese business men or Kaishain in Japanese, we started eating at 6pm and they continued to work up until 9pm before finally heading home (or off to a Japanese bar to kick back and relax after a long day at work).

This is common practice in Japan, even though their official working hours are only 9-5 most Japanese men get to work an hour early and dont leave till about 8-9pm in the evening. That’s a 12 hour working day 6 days a week! as most Japanese offices are open on Saturdays too.

Japan has one of the highest suicide rates in the world and I can see why given how hard they all work each and every day.

This shot was taken from our Hotel Room in the Park Hotel in Tokyo. It was the easiest HDR shoot I did on this holiday I just placed the camera on the benches that were under the windows and set of the shutter remote then let Tokyo do the rest.

see more at www.4colourprogress.com

link:
https://www.g2a.com/microsoft-office-2013-home-business-cd-key-global.html

Office Home & Business 2013

designed to help you create and organize faster with time saving features and a clean, modern look. Plus, you can save your documents in the cloud on SkyDrive and access them when you are not at home
The 2013 versions of familiar Office applications such as Word, Excel, and PowerPoint include new features that help you create, communicate and work efficiently from virtually anywhere. In addition to updating the traditional Office suites, Microsoft has developed brand new subscription versions of Office, specifically designed around the way customers use Office. Each new subscription offer will include the 2013 versions of the Office applications, for example Word, Excel and PowerPoint, plus cloud services such as Skype world minutes and online storage with SkyDrive

link:
https://www.g2a.com/microsoft-office-2013-home-business-cd-key-global.html
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Tips On How To Start An Office Cleaning Business

If you are planning to own a cleaning company, you must be thinking of how to start an office cleaning business. Cleaning offices, homes or apartment buildings is a simple business that can make a lot of money. It is also something you can start on a reasonable budget. The best part is, you can operate the business from home. It would be useless renting office space if most of your work will be done in other people’s offices.

You can do away with paying rent for office space as long as you have basic office tools at home like a telephone, computer, internet connection and office supplies. You may also use your garage as a storeroom for your cleaning equipment and supplies. It isn’t going to be difficult to learn how to start an office cleaning business if you follow these simple guidelines.

One of the first things you need to do is to create a business plan. It will be useful in case you need to borrow cash to open an office cleaning company. Your banker will want to see a business plan that shows you know what you are doing, can make the business work and make profit. That’s because they will want you to be able to repay the loan on time.

Another benefit to making a business plan is; you will discover how to start an office cleaning business covering areas in finance, management, marketing and profit. You will also learn how to procure equipment and supplies, train employees, and know how to go about getting clients. Once you are done writing your business plan, you will realize that you’ve learned more about the cleaning business than ever before.

You will have to buy cleaning tools and equipment such as power vacuums, heavy duty pressure washers, floor polishers, mops, rags, etc. For supplies, you will need floor wax, soap solutions, bleach, shampoo for carpet and sofa upholstery, and bathroom cleaners. You might also have to buy a larger vehicle like a truck or van to take you, your staff, and cleaning tools to the job site and back.

When you are mulling about how to start an office cleaning business, don’t forget to consider getting insurance. Basic liability insurance will save your company from financial liability in case something is damaged during one of your cleaning jobs. When you or your staff need to clean offices, you have to move equipment like copy machines, computers and furniture. If anything is damaged, you can fall back on insurance to pay for the damages instead of paying for them from your own pocket.

Don’t forget to register your cleaning company as a legit business. Pay taxes, get permits and get all legal documents in order. Not doing so can cause big problems for your business later on. It might be a good idea to hire a lawyer and an accountant to get these documents in order. A lawyer can also help you draft an office cleaning contract for clients and prepare waivers and other legal documents.

Marketing is also a major part of how to start an office cleaning business. It is what’s going to bring in customers and help you earn money. Without marketing and advertising, no one will know you exist. There are still a lot of stuff to learn in the cleaning business. Find out as much as you can before you open an office cleaning company. It will save you a lot of costly mistakes later on.

Discover how to start an office cleaning business, get more information about how to make an office cleaning contract at StartingAnOfficeCleaningBusiness.com.

Paris, May 2014 – 069
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Image by Ed Yourdon
(more details later, as time permits)

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In the spring of 2014, we came to Paris for a week of relaxed vacationing, mostly to wander around and see some old familiar places. It was a “return” trip for both of us, though in my case I think it’s probably been more than 15 years since I was even here on a business trip.

Business trips to any city don’t really count as a “visit” — since they basically involve flying into a busy airport at night, taking a taxi to a generic business-traveler’s hotel (a Hilton in Paris looks just like a Hilton in Cairo), and then spending several days working in the hotel (if the purpose of the trip was a seminar or computer conference), or at a client’s office (also “generic” in most cases — you can’t even tell what floor you’re on when you get off the elevator, because every floor of “open office” layouts is the same). The trip usually ends in the late afternoon or evening of the final day, with a mad dash back to the airport to catch the last plane home to NYC. Thus, a business trip to Paris is almost indistinguishable from a business trip to Omaha. Or Albany. Or Tokyo.

But I did make a few “personal” visits to Paris in the 1970s and 1980s, so I looked forward to having the chance to walk through some familiar places along the Left Bank. I’m not so interested in museums, monuments, cathedrals, or other “official” tourist spots (but yes, I have been to the Eiffel Tower, just as I’ve been to the Empire State Building in NYC), so you won’t see any photos of those places in this Flickr set.

As a photographer, I now concentrate mostly on people and street scenes. The details of the location don’t matter much to me, though I do try to geotag my photos whenever I can. But for the most part, what you’ll see here are scenes of people and local things in Paris that made me smile as I walked around …

Watch the BEFORE video here:

Phase 1 is complete! I love the changes I’ve made so far. Things are so much more functional. There will be more changes coming soon! For example, I want to make a larger top for the new island and maybe put wheels on it. I need to do something about the unsightly blue cord going around the room and other things, mostly having to do with decluttering. But, I am so happy having my photography area next to the computer now. Before, I was photographing in my kitchen dining area where I could lay things out on the island in there, but this is making things so much more efficient and it really helps me with focus.

Hope you found something inspiring here!
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How To Find And Set Up Your Home Business

Working at home with no rules but yours have been the dream of most people. Who would want to work for a demanding boss if he or she has a choice of staying home and earning the same or more than she would make slaving in the office from 8 in the morning to 5 in the afternoon? However, starting a stay at home business could be a bit daunting for most people. A lot of people would be intimidated by the thought of not receiving their monthly paycheck and would opt to simply stay with their present job.

Where many people would simply not pursue their dream of having a stay at home business, there are a few brave souls who would take the risk of starting out. For people who are brave enough to pursue their dreams, their first challenge would be to find the right kind of stay at home business that is profitable and enjoyable. Finding these profitable and enjoyable stay at home business is a matter of ingenuity and creativity. There are not hard and fast rules as to where to get your business ideas. Some of the most creative business ideas came about through accident so you can never be too specific as to where to find them. However, there are places like the Internet, the library and you local trade and industry office, which can be good sources of inspiration.

Once you find the right stay at home business, you need to study all its aspects. Just because you have a stay at home business does not mean you do not have have any competitors. On the contrary, you could be facing stiff competition from fellow work at home businesspeople and those companies with established commercial offices. It is therefore important that you study you competitors well and learn from them. In business, one of your best teachers is you competitors so take advantage of their experiences and learn from them.

As soon as you are ready to start, clear a space in your home where you could set up an office. Stay at home businesses need designated office space in your house where you can organize your files. If you have kids, it is better to have a door on your designated office that you can close to keep them from snooping on your work. Having kids running in front of you while you work could be very stressful so make sure that you have a stay at home business office where you can work in peace. It would also be a very good idea to get another telephone line, which you will designate as your business phone. You use that phone number in your business card instead of your house phone. Having a business phone will make you sound professional.

Enrique Villalobos is the owner of MakingExtraMoneyAtHome.com, which provides links to FREE Training, FREE Videos, FREE software, FREE Websites and more so you can start working from home. Visit it now and start your home business today!

Paris, May 2014, random pix – 161
office home business
Image by Ed Yourdon
(more details later, as time permits)

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This is one of approx 260 photos that I decided were not so bad that I had to delete them and recover every wasted binary bit of storage on my computer disk … but also not good enough to warrant uploading to Flickr as a "public" photo.

Since Flickr now provides so much storage to us picture-crazed photographers, I’ve decided to upload all of these "random pix" as restricted "friends and family" photos so that most of the world doesn’t have to suffer through them …

I’ve cropped and edited these photos, but have not gone to the additional trouble of geo-tagging them … sorry about that.

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In the spring of 2014, we came to Paris for a week of relaxed vacationing, mostly to wander around and see some old familiar places. It was a “return” trip for both of us, though in my case I think it’s probably been more than 15 years since I was even here on a business trip.

Business trips to any city don’t really count as a “visit” — since they basically involve flying into a busy airport at night, taking a taxi to a generic business-traveler’s hotel (a Hilton in Paris looks just like a Hilton in Cairo), and then spending several days working in the hotel (if the purpose of the trip was a seminar or computer conference), or at a client’s office (also “generic” in most cases — you can’t even tell what floor you’re on when you get off the elevator, because every floor of “open office” layouts is the same). The trip usually ends in the late afternoon or evening of the final day, with a mad dash back to the airport to catch the last plane home to NYC. Thus, a business trip to Paris is almost indistinguishable from a business trip to Omaha. Or Albany. Or Tokyo.

But I did make a few “personal” visits to Paris in the 1970s and 1980s, so I looked forward to having the chance to walk through some familiar places along the Left Bank. I’m not so interested in museums, monuments, cathedrals, or other “official” tourist spots (but yes, I have been to the Eiffel Tower, just as I’ve been to the Empire State Building in NYC), so you won’t see any photos of those places in this Flickr set.

As a photographer, I now concentrate mostly on people and street scenes. The details of the location don’t matter much to me, though I do try to geotag my photos whenever I can. But for the most part, what you’ll see here are scenes of people and local things in Paris that made me smile as I walked around …

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Thinking Home Business? Here’s 4 Great Reasons Why

The wonderful opportunity that many individuals are opting for these days is working from the comfort of home. Whatever the business is there are great reasons to take this into consideration. Whether for personal or professional reasons, they are often a determining factor when a home businesses gets started.

1. Few Overhead Costs

Someone who works from home may also choose this business route as it allows them to expend little or no overhead on business expenses. Although many individuals will have to pay some extra costs associated with their business expenses, it is undoubtedly more economical to work from home than rent an office building and hired help elsewhere. Also, by starting a business from home, the business owner is already paying utility bills anyway.

2. No Commute to Worry About

When you have a home office, you won’t have to worry about commuting and dealing with all of the headaches and hassles that go along with it: high gas prices, bumper to bumper traffic and not to mention the wear and tear on your automobile. You will love not having to commute back and forth from the office at the beginning and end of the workday.

3. Convenience

Having an online business and working from home is undoubtedly very convenient, as you live where you work. Perhaps one of the primary reasons for choosing to start an online business is the convenience. If a client wishes to contact you after normal business hours, no problem as you will be in your “office area” for most of the day and night. Furthermore, it is not very often that an office will let you come to work in a pair of shorts and t-shirt or show up around 11 a.m.

4. Casual Environment

Wearing suits to work each and every day while working for a company or corporation can sometimes become monotonous. With the casual environment of your home office, you no longer have to follow that rule. This is especially true if the venture deals mainly with a technological aspect such as website owner. Furthermore, depending on the business you undertake from home, you can go to work in jeans and a t-shirt.

By considering all the beneficial factors that relate to working from home, you will likely spend more time looking into starting a home business venture. Take the time to review all the factors mentioned above, you’ll find you appreciate this option even more.

If you’re looking to start your own business, but need a little help generating ideas, visit your source for endless great home business ideas.

Taking notes
office home business
Image by danielfoster437
Writing something down on a notepad.

As a reminder, keep in mind that this picture is available only for non-commercial use and that visible attribution is required. If you’d like to use this photo outside these terms, please contact me ahead of time to arrange for a paid license.

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